millenarism) is the belief of a coming major transformation
of society after which all things will be changed in a
positive (or sometimes negative or ambiguous) direction.
Millennialism is a specific form of millenarianism based on
a one-thousand year cycle, especially significant for
A core doctrine in Christianity
is the Second Coming and the establishment of the kingdom of God
on earth. According to prophecies in the Book of Daniel and the
Revelation of St. John, this kingdom of God on earth will last a
thousand years (a millennium).Millenarian ideas permeated early
Christian thought. From the 5th century on, opposition to this
ideology mounted, and only small groups outside the official
churches embraced it. In the 16th century, millenarian beliefs
re-emerged in certain branches of Protestantism, and
millenarianism became more entrenched after the French
Revolution. In England, these ideas were spread by the
evangelical movement in the late 18th and early 19th century.
Dozens of books promoting millenarianism were published in the
first three decades of the 19th century, and millenarian
societies were formed.
A millennium (pl. millenniums or millennia) is a period of time equal to one thousand years (from Latin mille, thousand, and annum, year). The term may implicitly refer to calendar millenniums; periods tied numerically to a particular dating system, specifically ones that begin at the starting (initial reference) point of the calendar in question (typically the year 1) or in later years which are whole number multiples of a thousand years after it.
The term can also refer to an interval of time beginning on any date.